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The birth of Bauhaus © Juergen Henkelmann Photography/Alamy
A century ago, in April 1919, Walter Gropius outlined his vision for art and design in the "Manifesto of the Staatliches Bauhaus." A goal of the Bauhaus movement was for artists and craftspeople to collaborate on the creation of functional, simplified works that could be mass produced—applying the process to all forms: architecture, textiles, fine art, furniture, typography, and much more. Berlin"s Bauhaus Archive, the building featured in today"s image, is dedicated to collecting documents and works created by the movement"s teachers, alumni, and adherents.